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Lesson Sheet


'Notation and Composition'

  1. Crotchet and Quavers...

  2. Writing your own crotchet and quavers music...

  3. Introducing the Minim...

  4. Longer examples to clap...

  5. Minim Rests...

  6. Introducing chords...

  7. Test pieces...

Rhythm Notation

crotchet... quavers...
Name: Crotchet Name: Quaver
Say: "Walk" Say: "Run-ning"
Play: Down Play: Down-Up

  • Clap a series of Crotchet notes and Say: "Walk" as you do it...

  • Clap a series of Quaver notes and Say: "Run-ning" as you do it...


Next, try to clap these patterns or 'Rhythms'...

Example 1.Rhythm example 1

Example 2.Rhythm Ex 2

Example 3.Rhythm Ex 3...

Example 4.Rhythm Ex 4

Next, try writing your own rhythms on your specially folded paper..


....BUUUUUTT...there are a few 'rules!'

You may choose a Crotchet or Quavers for a box, BUUUUUUUUTTTT DO NOT TRY AND PUT TWO TOGETHER IN ONE BOX!!

Notation example 1...

If you want to use a minim it can be placed in any box BUT NOT THE LAST ONE on the line. Also DON'T  colour minims in..or write another note in the box with the line in!!

When you have written your own Rhythm example, try clapping it and saying the helpful words to get the rhythm right.

Notation Example 2a...


Now lets add another note...

crotchet... quavers...
Name: Crotchet Name: Quaver Name: Minim Name: Crotchet Rest
Say: "Walk" Say: "Run-ning" Say: "Sit Down" Say: "Rest"
Play: Down Play: Down-Up Play: Down & Play: Nothing!


  • Clap a series of Minim notes and Say: "Sit Down" as you do it...

  • When you 'clap' (because you DON'T clap!!) a crotchet rest, throw your hands apart. It will help with the timing!


Try these longer examples, including minims!


Example 1.


Example 2.


Example 3.


Example 4.


How about tryiing these examples with crotchet rests in them? Remember to throw your hands apart when you get to the crotchet rests in the examples.

Example 1.


Example 2.


Example 3.


Example 4.

Minim Rests

  • Minim's also have their own rests.

  • They last for 2 beats just like the note

  • They look like a black rectangle sitting on a line.

  • Remember they have to take up 2 boxes/ beats!

Name: Minim Name: Minim Rest
Say: "Sit Down" Say: "Rest Long"
Play: Down & Play: Nothing!


Now try these examples;







Next, try adding chord/s to your rhythm pattern...

Notation Example 2...

Play it using your thumb for the 'DOWN' strokes, or Crotchets - and your thumb and index (pointy) finger to play the 'DOWN-UP' strokes.

Try to 'pull' through the strings on the way up, with your finger. Don't go sideways with your finger!

Now to extend your compositions...

  • First, fold your paper to make a 4x2 grid

  • Next, write out two rows of rhythms, label them 'A' and 'B'

  • Finally, choose two chords and write your choice down.

You should have something that looks like this...

  • Try playing through both lines - don't leave a gap on the chord change!


  • Instead of playing the top row followed by the bottom row, try playing your rows in a pattern.

  • For instance, play the row 'A' 2 times, then the row 'B' once, finish off with the row 'A' again. We can write this pattern down as 'A A B A'.

  • Now choose 4 letters to make your own pattern

  • What does 'AAAB' sound like? How about 'ABBA?' Does it sound better on your friends composition? Why?

  • Write the letters of your 'Arrangement' on your composition.

Choose an arrangement of your composition and see if you and a friend can both play it at the same time?

Testing Times!

  • Take a look at the examples below...can you play these?

Test Piece 1


Test Piece 2


Test Piece 3


Test Piece 4




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